‘Kopyor’ coconut is an exotic mutant of coconut. The endosperm of this coconut mutant is not normal but it is detached from the coconut shell. Fruits of ‘Kopyor’ coconut are highly valued. At the farmers’ level in Pati, Central Java, the ‘Kopyor’ fruit of coconut price ranges from Rp. 16.000 to Rp. 22.000, depending on their size. Meanwhile, the price of coconut seedlings derived from mother plants known to produce ‘Kopyor’ fruits are from 8.000 to 15.000 each.
Research team from Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Bogor; UPN Veteran University, Surabaya, UNNES Semarang, and Balitka Manado have initiated a new collaborative project to develop this unique coconut variety originated from Indonesia. The main target of this research activities is to spread the growing of this unique ‘Kopyor’ coconut to various places in Indonesia. According to Prof. Sudarsono as research coordinator from IPB, the long run objective of the propose research activities are directed to solve three major constrains in developing ‘Kopyor’ coconut, such as: (1) availability of high quality and certified ‘Kopyor’ coconut seedlings, (2) increased the frequency of harvested ‘Kopyor’ fruit, and (3) development of new ‘Kopyor’ coconut variety through breeding program.
Furthermore Prof. Sudarsono stated that: “Indonesia is always left behind by Thailand since they are able to develop various high quality fruits and registered or labelled under the name of ‘Bangkok’. It is about time that Indonesian scientist introduce recognizable products that can be claimed as national product belonging to this country. ‘Kopyor’ coconut can fulfill this purpose and therefore we need to support ‘Kopyor’ coconut development. It is a unique fruit originated from Indonesia, stated Prof. Sudarsono.
In relation to the focus of research activities, Prof. Sudarsono stated that there is still constrains on availability of good quality and certified ‘Kopyor’ coconut seedlings to support development of this unique coconut variety originated from Indonesia. ‘Kopyor’ coconut seedlings produced by coconut farmers in Pati, Central Java are commonly a mix between normal coconut seedlings and one potentially capable of producing ‘Kopyor’ fruits. At this period, technology to differentiate between normal seedlings and one capable of producing ‘Kopyor’ fruit coconut was not available yet. Other constrains that need to be resolved include the low frequency of harvested ‘Kopyor’ fruits. For every inflorescence having 15 coconut fruits, farmers generally find between 4-5 ‘Kopyor’ fruits. It is desirable to have at least 10 to 15 ‘Kopyor’ fruits that can be harvested from every inflorescence. Moreover, to anticipate various potential problem in the future, such as pest and disease infestation, development of new and superior ‘Kopyor’ coconut through breeding programs need to be initiated.
In the launching of the starting of research activities funded by KKP3T in 2011 (Wednesday, 6 April 2011) at IPB – Darmaga Campus – Bogor, Ir Ismail, MS. As one of Balitka scientist stated that “at this time, three ‘Kopyor’ coconut varieties originated from Pati, Indonesia have been released and registered by Indonesian Government. This release and registration step is important to prevent possibility of the uniqueness of the ‘Kopyor’ coconut characters being taken away or claimed by researchers from other countries. Scientist from State University of Semarang (UNNES, Dr. Enni S. Rahayu) is also participated in this research activities and is responsible for conducting ex-situ germplasm conservation. Meanwhile, Dr. Sukendah of UPN Veteran, Surabaya will also participate by conducting vegetative micropropagation of ‘Kopyor’ coconut by tissue culture technique.
In the next three years (2011-2013), this ‘Kopyor’ coconut research hopefully will be supported by KKP3T Project, Agency of Agriculture Research and Development (AARD). Through this collaboration and other future cooperation with other funding agency developed by research team, ‘Kopyor’ coconut will be more wide-spread in the next five years. “The guarantee and sustain funding from various funding agency would certainly accelerate the development of this unique mutant of coconut originated from Indonesia,” Prof. Sudarsono stated.
For further information regarding this new project, please contact: Prof. Sudarsono at email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Also read (Baca juga):
- 1. On-going Research
- Kick off of New Project on ‘Kopyor’ Coconut
- Survey Kelapa Kopyor Kalianda – Lampung # 1
- Survey Kelapa Kopyor Kalianda – Lampung # 2
- IPB-Balitka-UNNES to Team Up for Pati Kopyor Coconut Conservation and Development
- Ismail Maskromo Went to Jember for Kopyor Coconut Survey
- KKP3T Kopyor Coconut Research Team Visited Kopyor Coconut Production Area in Sumenep, Madura
- ISNAR C2FS Poster #1: Productivity of Pati Dwarf Kopyor Coconut
- ISNAR C2FS Poster #2: Endosperm Diversity of Kalianda Kopyor Coconut